Tumor Diagnostic Markers in Primary Liver Cancers

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Dr. Muhammad Zahid Mustafa


etection of primary liver cancers (hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma) at an early stage is crucial for a better outcome. To this purpose, there is a great need to identify new markers for early diagnosis.
A tumor marker would be helpful in diagnosis, early detection, staging, prognosis, and follow-up after therapy. However, due to the lack of sensitivity and specificity, no currently available single marker performs ideally in all situations; performance characteristics depend on specific aspects of each cancer, such as prevalence, tumorheterogeneity, and response to the treatment. Technical advances in molecular biology are providing new gateways for the detection of tumor markers, opening a field with rapid evolution. Acknowledging that the perfect tumor marker has not been yet recognized, it is important to investigate characteristics of what might be an ideal tumor marker for malignancies.

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How to Cite
Mustafa, D. M. Z. (2022). Tumor Diagnostic Markers in Primary Liver Cancers. Pakistan Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2(2), 243-258. Retrieved from http://pjmr.org/pjmr/article/view/181


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